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There are many different first aid training programs available. We believe that all outdoor recreation participants, especially those venturing into the backcountry, should have some sort of first aid training. Please note that no medical training program other than being a state-certified physician is accepted in lieu of OEC for the purposing of becoming a patroller.


Mountain Oriented First Aid (MOFA)

MOFA is an adjunct to, and required for graduation from, The Mountaineers' Basic and Intermediate Climbing, Alpine Scrambling, and Telemark Ski courses. The course covers injuries common to mountaineering activities, and first aid in wilderness situations. The 25-hour course is based on the American Red Cross Standard First Aid Course but goes beyond the Red Cross Course by adding "extended care" to situations where help is hours, or even days, away. MOFA is always offered in conjunction with the American Red Cross (ARC).

The MOFA Refresher (MOFAR) Course is a one-day (12-hour) course taken every three years that provides a review and update of first aid information and an opportunity for participants to practice and demonstrate their skills in five realistic injury scenarios. Note that KCSARA requires a refresher every two years, regardless of the expiration of the card.

Contact Seattle Mountaineers for course schedule information.

Wilderness First Responder (WFR)

A wilderness first responder is trained to deal with any situation that may be encountered in the wilderness. A person must undergo a wilderness first responder training course and certification. These courses are usually focused primarily on teaching the students to assess a situation and use available resources to stablize the patient. They usually include, but are not limited to, the following principles

   * Wound care
   * Prevention and/or treatment of blood-borne pathogens
   * Treatment of infectious diseases
   * Dealing with fractures

The course usually entails 75-80 hours of work and may or may not include certification.

Emergency Medical Technician (EMT-B)

An Emergency Medical Technician - Basic (EMT-B) is trained in practical emergency medical knowledge and skills that can be deployed within a rapid time frame. Patient treatment guidelines are described in protocols following both national guidelines and local medical policies. The goal of EMT intervention is to rapidly evaluate a patient's condition and to maintain a patient's airway, breathing and circulation by CPR and defibrillation. In addition, EMT-B intervention aims to control external bleeding, prevent shock, and prevent further injury or disability by immobilizing potential spinal or other bone fractures, while expediting the safe and timely transport of the patient to a hospital emergency department for definitive medical care.

EMT-B courses generally cover 110 hours of didactic and practical education. An EMT-B must have completed an eligible EMT class. be sponsored by an acredited agency, and complete annual refreshers known as Continuing Basic Training (CBT) to stay certified. In addition, all EMT-Bs must maintain a professional level CPR certification.

Candidates possessing an EMT certification may be able to challenge the OEC course by taking written and practical tests. Passing both tests will grant the EMT an OEC Technician certification.

Outdoor Emergency Care (OEC)

Outdoor Emergency CareĀ® is the National Ski Patrol's (NSP) award-winning training program for patrollers and others in the recreation community who deal with emergency situations. This nationally recognized program is designed to help you manage the toughest emergencies, in all seasons. Developed in the late 1980s for the 26,000 members of the National Ski Patrol, Outdoor Emergency Care is a training program that is tailored to the nonurban rescuer. Over the years, OEC has evolved to address the needs of other outdoor-based emergency care providers too, including wilderness medical technicians, river rafting and mountaineering guides, members of search and rescue groups, mountain bike patrollers, and parks and recreation employees. Today, OEC is considered the standard of training for emergency care in the outdoor environment and is recognized by resorts and recreational facilities in all 50 states.

An OEC course typically runs 80 to 120 hours in length. OEC Technicians must complete annual refreshers and maintain a professional level CPR certification to remain certified.

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